The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has recently stated that the rapid antibody-based blood test for coronavirus is going to be deployed by this coming Wednesday in collections and hot spots showing the high occurrence of positive cases. Many experts believe that it is going to help the agencies for increasing screening as well as identifying capabilities.
In order to make sure the detection of Coronavirus cases quickly in India, all those people who are living in coronavirus hotspots or in the areas which have reported large numbers of cases are required to go through a rapid antibody testing. On the other hand, the ICMR in its provisional advisory has also suggested the use of the fast antibody test in the Coronavirus hotspots all over the nation.
At present, the government is using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests in order to identify the Coronavirus from the samples of the throat or a nasal swab of people who are showing the symptoms or high-risk individuals who may possibly have come in contact with those people who are tested positive for coronavirus.
The head of Epidemiology and Communicable Diseases Division of the ICMR, Raman R Gangakhedkar, has explained the new testing for coronavirus, “We are expecting delivery of Rapid Test kits (blood-based) to be in use for the response to COVID-19 situation. By Wednesday this should be up and running.”
At the same time, the Health Ministry has also added that all States/UTs that have been issued guiding principles for executing these tests as well reports may be entered into the ICMR portal which is quite similar to the results of real-time RT PCR tests for coronavirus.
While explaining regarding who to test as well as the scale of testing the Health Ministry has also said that testing has to be focused and cautiously done, even when it is scaled-up.
In addition to that, the experts also pointed out that individual-level clarification also required to be done by a professional, who can take a complete charge. When joined with nucleic acid tests, the antibody tests, on the other hand, can give a whole status.
The existing testing system that is used at a present date to test COVID-19 is being carried out through PCR, which needed nasal or throat swabs for the test. The result will take about five hours to come out.
While the rapid antibody testing kits, on the other hand, are very quick in order to get early results. They also use blood samples of suspected patients as well as usually take around 15 to 30 minutes in order to give the result. Under this testing, one has to clean their finger with an alcohol swab and then have to use the lancet that has been provided for finger-pricks.
Some of the recent reports suggest that after the request from states, which includes Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh along with few other states, ICMR has sent its recommendation a few days back in order to start antibody rapid test all around the nation.