The virus that first identified in December 2019 in Wuhan, Hubei, China, has now spread almost all around the world, with death tolls ranging in thousands. As of 1 March 2020, there are more than 87,000 cases that have been confirmed in 65 territories, out of which there are 8,000 people who were classified as serious.
There are at least 3,000 deaths that have been attributed to the disease, mostly were considered in mainland China with more than 100 deaths in additional countries. However, more than 42,000 people have recovered from this dreadful virus, but the risk of it spreading further is also quite very high.
As per the World Health Organization (WHO), the outbreak has been defined as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. The responses from the public health in China as well as around the world have involved travel restrictions, quarantines, as well as curfews.
What is Coronavirus?
Before learning about how to prevent this new virus, you must first understand what exactly Coronavirus is. Coronavirus is mainly caused by a group of viruses that mainly cause diseases in mammals and birds. In humans, like any other coronaviruses, it comes from animals and causes respiratory infections that are typically mild but in rare cases, it can also be fatal. It seems to be like that the symptoms are showing up in the people within 14 days of contact with the virus.
Some of the COVID-19 symptoms consist of cough, fever, and shortness of breath. Also, in some of the rare cases, COVID-19 can lead to severe respiratory problems, along with kidney failure or death.
How Did Coronavirus Spread to Humans?
There is no precise information regarding the exact source of this virus from which it emerged. In the meantime, this new coronavirus is being monitored by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) along with the World Health Organization as well as some additional health organizations.
Even though, the health officials are still drawing the exact source of this new coronavirus from which it emerges. However, the early hypotheses rumored it may be connected to a seafood market in Wuhan, China. Some of the people who visited the market at that time developed viral pneumonia that was caused by the new coronavirus.
Till now, there are still a lot of unknown facts regarding this new virus, which also includes how contagious it might be.
How is COVID-19 Treated?
Unfortunately, there is not a specific treatment for this virus. There are no vaccines or else any antiviral drugs that are approved to completely prevent it or for treatment.
How To Prevent Yourself From The Coronavirus?
For avoiding this virus to enter your body and to damage your respiratory system, you should follow these below mentioned precautionary steps:
- Firstly and most importantly, you should wash your hands frequently and thoroughly for at least 20 seconds, you can also use alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
- Cover your coughs and sneezes with the help of tissue, and then throw the tissue in the trash.
- You must avoid close contact with people who are sick as it can be contagious.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth with your dirty hands.
- If you are not feeling well or are sick then stay at home and avoid moving out to public places.
- Clean and sanitise frequently touched objects as well as surfaces with the help of a regular household cleaning spray or wipe.